The taxpayers are living in this month of January with a big bang tax: the levy of tax at the source. The great tax reform Emmanuel Macron came into force on 1 January and is felt at the end of the month of January for the employees and officials, while pensioners and the self-employed have already been taken in during January. While Gérald Darmanin wants to be reassuring, the questions are many.

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Le Figaro addresses the point in answering questions that you ask tax credits to the rates through the calendar.

The collection at the source, what is it concretely?

The levy at source is to pay tax (on income) at the same time that it collects its revenues. This levy relates to the salaries and wages, retirement pensions, unemployment benefits, sickness benefits, and the taxable portion of redundancy payments.

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in practical terms, the tax for employees is levied directly on their payroll, each month, by the employer. As for the retirees, their tax is directly levied on their pension by the pension fund. The self-employed, farmers, or those who benefit from land revenues, to pay them the tax on the income corresponding by advance payments collected directly by the tax administration.

withholding at the source, dates and calendar

If the private-sector employees will see the impact of the levy at source on their salary at the end of the month, many taxpayers have already seen the effect of the reform.

As of the 2nd of January, about 15 million retirees in the private have seen their pensions supplementary Agirc-Arrco collected , as well as 280.000 former SNCF and 722.000 beneficiaries of disability pensions.

On 9 January, retirees received their basic pension. The CNAV provides in effect the pensions of the 9 of each month.

On January 15, taxpayers benefiting from tax credits received by bank transfer 60% of the deposit of the tax credits, an amount calculated on the tax credits 2017 (known at this date).

By the end of the month, the private employees and civil servants receive their salary and therefore see the effect of the levy to the source.

withholding at the source: rate personalized or individualized

The tax is levied according to a rate of levy calculated by the tax authority that applies to the net amount taxable at the income tax. The French had made their declaration in line were obtained at the end of the procedure a rate of levy’s custom. It is this rate that is reported to the employer (or the pension fund for retirees). When choosing them, 94% of French taxable had chosen the rate familiar.

taxpayers must have in mind that the income tax applies to net salary and taxable (that very few people are familiar with and have spotted on their payroll), and not the net salary. This can result in a misunderstanding when reading the payroll.

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withholding at the source: how to change his rate?

Yes. Change of rate of levy may be made downward or upward. For example, if your family situation has changed in 2018, or if you want to modulate your current rate to the result of an evolution of your income, you have the opportunity to make changes. This is from the January 2, 2019 by visiting the website of tax, in the “manage my collection at the source”, or by calling the direct line of deduction at source at 0809 401 401.

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Should he still make an income tax return?

Yes, it is always necessary to declare each year all of its income from the previous year to the tax administration.

Is it possible to hide his tax rate to his employer?

Responsible for collecting the tax, businesses have a duty of confidentiality and must not disclose the rate of exploitation of their employees. In addition, it is possible to conceal its true rate of levy to his employer, the employer by opting for a rate “non-custom” function of the wage. If this rate is lower than the tax rate of the taxpayer, the latter must pay the difference to the tax authorities.

The levy at source for retirees

The retirees taxable do not escape the levy source. It is reached even sooner for them than for employees, because the payment of pensions takes place on the 9th of each month. So this is the Wednesday, 9 January that the retirees have discovered the impact of the withholding tax on their pension.

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The tax on the income is going to increase with the sample at the source?

No, the income tax will not increase in 2019. The withholding tax is a reform of the mode of collecting the tax, but the calculation is, itself, does not change.

On the other hand, the psychological impact non-negligible – whether they are positive or negative – are to be expected. The feeling of receiving a salary entirely net could reassure the home, or, on the contrary, to give them the impression that they earn less than before.

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2018 will be a year white, that is to say, without tax?

This year, the revenue is not exceptional (salary, property income, etc) will be rendered non-taxable due to a tax credit mechanism, the tax credit modernization of the recovery (CIMR). This is to prevent taxpayers from being charged twice in 2019 their income tax. Primo, for their income in 2018, and second, for their income in 2019. With the introduction of the levy at the source a game-changer, the taxpayers will pay for it, therefore, in 2019, their tax on their income earned in the year 2019.

The exceptional income (bonuses, capital gains, etc), perceived, in 2018, will be well taxed, and will not, therefore, a CIMR. For the business owners and the self-employed, the part of their income 2018 superiors to the best of the previous three years (2015-2016-2017) will also be subject to the IR. The administration tax to prevent taxpayers who can control their income take advantage of the year-white, to place a maximum income.

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How will be managed the tax credits?

the minister of The Action and of the public Accounts Gérald Darmanin, announced last September that some of the beneficiaries of loans and reductions of tax in 2018 would be a deposit of 60% as of the January 15, 2019. This payment will be tax credits for the human services (e.g. child care expenses), the tax credits for residents in long-term care facilities, the tax reductions for rental investment and the tax reductions for donations and dues.

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What number do I call if I have questions?

A non-premium number has been put in place to respond to taxpayers ‘ questions about the reform. “From 2 January 2019, the users can call at no extra cost (the price of a local call) the 0.809.401.401 to join the agents of public Finances on the withholding at the source,” said Bercy. The 40,000 agents trained specifically will respond Monday to Friday, from 8h30 to 19h, all the questions and will be specially mobilized in January. In addition, the public finances general Directorate (DGFIP) will run from 2 January a daily meeting in the video on his page Facebook . This show will take place from 12 noon to 12.30 pm daily.

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